Burans Tree or Rhododendron arboreum: Distribution, Importance, Traditional And Medical Use

Rhododendron arboreum is a beautiful flower. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and Thailand. Burans is the national flower of Nepal; in India, it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and the state flower of Nagaland. It is known by Burans or Laligurans and in Nepal is pronounced as Gurans.

Burans Tree: Its Distribution And Importance

Burans Tree and flower both are called by the name of Burans. Burans Tree and Burans Flower.

Etymology Of Rhododendron Arboreum

The generic name, ‘Rhododendron‘ has been derived from two Greek words, ‘Rhod‘ means ‘Rosy Red‘ and ‘Dendron‘ means ‘Tree‘ which refers to the rosy red flowers of the species. The specific epithet ‘Arboreum‘ refers to ‘tree-like’.

state tree of uttarakhand, burans tree, gurans

Botanical Description Of Burans Tree

An evergreen Burans tree growing up to 20 m tall, having rough and pinkish-brown bark. Leaves crowded towards the end of branches, oblong-lanceolate and narrowed at ends, 7.5 – 15 × 2.5 – 5 cm, glabrous above, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath.

Many flowers in the terminal are large, globose, compact corymbs, deep red or pink in colour. The Calyx is small with broadly ovate, scarious pale yellow lobes. Corolla campanulate is 2.5 – 6.5 cm long with 5 recurved, fringed lobes.

Flowering & Fruiting Of Burans Tree: March to November

Range of Distribution Of Rhododendron Arboreum

It is native to India, distributed throughout the Himalayas, and also found in Bhutan, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.

Economic Importance State Tree Of Uttarakhand

The wood is used as fuel and for making charcoal. Heartwood is used for making tool-handles, boxes, pack-saddles, posts, plywood and sometimes employed for construction purposes. The bark is used to make excellent stuff. Petals are used to prepare sub-acidic jelly or pickles.

Traditional Uses Of Burans Tree

Petals are eaten for their sour-sweet taste. Flowers are offered to deities in almost all religious functions. Fresh leaves are burnt along with leaves of species of Juniper/Thuja/Pinus, for making smoke that is believed to be sacred and help in purifying the air in West Kameng and Tawang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

Medicinal Uses Of Gurans Tree

Young leaves are applied to the forehead for alleviating the headache. Flowers and bark are used to cure digestive and respiratory disorders.

Note: This species regenerates naturally or can be propagated artificially by seed germination or cuttings.

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