Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ) is a state in northwest India. Punjab shares borders with Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. It also touches international border with Pakistan. Similar to other Indian states, Punjab also declared its state symbols such as animal, bird, tree etc.
Also read: National symbols of Republic of India
Punjab State Symbols: Animal, Bird, Flower And Tree
Following are the state symbols of Punjab.
State Animal of Punjab: Blackbuck
Blackbuck is a state animal of Punjab. The blackbuck is the only surviving species of the Bahusinga species. The blackbuck, also known as the Indian antelope, is a species of deer found in India, Nepal and Pakistan. This antelope is originally found in India, while it has become extinct in Bangladesh. Only small, scattered flocks of them are seen today, and large flocks are largely confined to protected areas. The life span of Blackbuck is usually 10 to 15 years.
In India, blackbuck hunting is prohibited under Schedule ‘I’ of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. The blackbuck is very important in Hinduism; Indian and Nepali villagers did not harm the antelope.
The scientific name of Blackbuck is Antilope cervicapra
State Bird of Punjab: Baaz (Northern Goshawk)
Baaz is a state bird of Punjab. Northern Goshawk loves to live in dense forests. Like all others hawks, Northern goshawk hawk is also a non-vegetarian bird. Northern Goshawk is found all over the world; however, Baaz is mainly found in North Asia, North America, Canada, some areas of Himalayas etc.
Northern Goshawk is a small-sized and striped bird. The brown stripes are found on the entire body of this state bird of Punjab.
The scientific name of Baaz (Northern Goshawk) is Accipiter gentilis
State Flower of Punjab:
Not sure about the state flower of Punjab.
State Tree of Punjab: Sheesham (Indian Rosewood)
Sheesham is a state tree of Punjab. Sheesham (Shisham or Dalbergia sissoo) is a tree of the Indian subcontinent. Sheesham is a versatile tree. Its wood, leaves, roots are all useful. Wood uses for making furniture. Leaves are protein fodder for animals. Roots make the land more fertile. Leaves and branches gradually reduce groundwater droplets and increase groundwater reserves.
Sheesham wood is heavy, strong and almond colour. The colour of the outer wood is lighter white or brownish-white than its interstitial. The roundness of the trunk of 10-12 years old tree of rosewood is rounded to 135 cm and for the trunk of 70-75 and 25-30 years old tree.
The scientific name of Sheesham is Dalbergia sissoo
State Emblem of Punjab: Emblem of Punjab
Emblem of Punjab is the state emblem of Punjab. The Emblem of Punjab uses encircled Lion Capital of Ashoka with a wheat sign above side and crossed Swords below it. The text is written in Punjabi, Hindi and English on it.
State Aquatic Animal of Punjab: Indus River Dolphin
Indus River Dolphin is a state aquatic animal of Punjab. In 2019, Punjab recently declared the endangered Indus river dolphin as an aquatic animal of the state hence it is now in the list of Punjab state symbols.
The Indus river dolphin is an extinct creature, it is found only in the Beas river in India and Pakistan. Its colour is brown or grey. This dolphin is visually impaired. The lifespan of this dolphin is about 30 years.
The dolphins are mostly found in the Indus River in Pakistan, between Chashma and Kotri Dam. In Punjab, this dolphin is mainly found in the Sutlej and Beas rivers.
The scientific name of Indus River Dolphin is Platanista gangetica